Unlike the two previous Governments, Giorgia Meloni’s administration has not established new Ministries, at least for now. However, the Government has intensified its efforts to modify the structure of key Ministries. The Meloni Government has made structural changes to six Ministries: economy, health, labor, culture, university, and tourism. In some cases, the changes were relatively modest, primarily involving an increase in senior offices. In others, the modification affected the very structure of the Ministry, including the establishment of departments or general directorates.
The Ministries of University and Tourism, both relatively recent institutions, saw notable expansions in their organizational structures. These expansions were driven by the need for more streamlined functions.
Notably, the Ministry of University and Research, until 2020, was managed as a department within the Ministry of Education and University. It had three general directorates. However, upon its establishment as a separate Ministry, the number of general directorates increased to six (including the Secretary-General). Subsequently, with the approval of Decree-Law 44/2023, the number of general directorates expanded to eight, although the new regulations are not yet in effect.
Similarly, the Ministry of Tourism, until 2021, fell under the Ministry of Culture, with a dedicated general directorate. This structure had only three non-general directorate offices. With the establishment of the new Ministry, four general directorates (including the Secretary-General) were introduced. By February 2023, with the approval of Decree-Law 13/2023, this number increased to five and then further to seven two months later with Decree-Law 44/2023.
The most significant changes occurred in the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), which represents the most important Ministry in the state structure from various perspectives. The Ministry’s regulations, starting with the 2008 version, defined a structure consisting of four departments: Treasury Department, General State Accounting Department, Finance Department, and General Administration Department. This organizational model remained stable until recently. The Decree-Law 44/2023 increased the maximum number of MEF departments to 6. This regulation will add the Department of Economy and the Department of Tax Justice to the currently operational four departments.
In three other cases, the changes adopted in the past year did not lead to an increase in the number of top-level structures but rather shifted from an organizational model based on general directorates to one based on departments. This transition, unlike the general directorate model where each reports to the Secretary-General, assumes a division of competence areas into homogeneous regions, each overseen by a department head, who reports directly to the Minister.
The Ministry of Health initiated this process with the adoption of Decree-Law 173/2022, although the regulation has not been implemented yet. It is intended to organize the Ministry into four departments.